You will never know when will having the best sump pump in your home will come in handy. It’s nice to have only the best and most reliable pump, especially when it comes to emergency situations. This is true during the rainy seasons and times wherein there’s a heavy downpour.
You might have heard about sump pumps from your neighbors, relatives, and family members. It’s also understandable that you’re not exactly familiar with this device; however, this whole article will tell you everything you need to know about sump pumps.
Table of Contents
Types of Sump Pumps
Primary Sump Pumps
Primary sump pumps are the most common types of pumps you can see in almost every household. If you’ve seen one in your neighbor’s house or in the place of someone you know, then this might be a primary sump pump. These are designed to pump the water out of your basement, and of course, you’ll expect that this will do the job of preventing the flood from accumulating in the lower areas of the place. These pumps can pump out water at around a rate of several thousand gallons per hour. With this, you’re definitely assured that this can keep your home dry even on heavy rain downpours.
For primary sump pumps, you can choose between having a submersible and pedestal pump. These two pumps differ based on where you can submerge it. Submersible pumps can be placed underwater up until the basin, while pedestal ones are placed just above the pump basin. Usually, if you have a smaller reservoir or water basin, it’s recommended that you get a pedestal sump pump rather than a submersible one.
Battery Back-up Sump Pumps
Coming from the name of this sump pump itself, this is a battery-powered device that you can rely on, especially if there’s no power. In cases like there’s heavy rain or the weather conditions are up until the extreme, then you might expect that there’s going to be a power shortage. While other types of sump pumps will suffice, you cannot 100% rely on it, especially when there’s no power. Hence, it’s recommended that you have a battery back-up sump pumps. There are even back-up sump pumps that can be activated through texts or emails should there be a power failure even when you’re not at home.
If you’re looking for a more hardcore sump pump, then you might want to consider getting a sewage pump. It is not the traditional pump that you can see in every household, but it doesn’t mean that it’s not reliable when it comes to pumping out the unnecessary water you might have at home. These pumps are designed to pump the sewage waste that you have from your home to your septic tanks or system; however, it can serve as the purpose of your traditional sump pumps too.
There’s a specialized type of sump pumps, and it comes in the form of an effluent pump. Unlike the other types of sump pumps, this is meant to remove gray or salty water on your water basins. This type of water is not drinkable not only because of its color but also because it contains hazardous waste such as the wastes of humans and animals. Effluent pumps function to pump out the water effluents that comes from your household. If you’re wondering where does this water come from, these are the water you use for laundry, shower, and dishwasher. The great thing about effluent pumps is that it can remove the gray water and can be reused again for cleaning purposes.
Manual Versus Automatic Sump Pump
The great thing about sump pumps is that these are available in all sorts of types and sizes. This means that you can select one depending on what you need. Aside from the kind of sump pump, another thing that you can consider is whether you want to have a manual or an automatic one. Here’s the main difference between these two types of mechanisms.
Types of Sump Pump Switches
When it comes to the sump pump switches, we’re not kidding when we say that there is a lot that you can choose from. There’s no absolute need for you to worry about not being able to select which one will be the best fit for your home. For this, you can choose whether you’re going to get a vertical one, diaphragm, tethered, or electronic switch. Here are the things that you need to know about the different types of sump pump switches.
If you have seen other sump pumps before, it is most likely that these have vertical switches in them. It only makes sense since these are commonly placed in most installations. There are quite a few reasons for this. One is that, compared to other switches that are available in the market, this is a lot easier to install. All you have to do is just plug and play it – it’s that simple. Another is that it’s easy to adjust and easy to operate, so it’s suitable for any type of sump pumps that you may have. It’s also quite common that vertical switches use a piggyback plug.
Diaphragm switches work best for some installations, but it’s not precisely the case for all. Like vertical switches, it is common to see diaphragm switches that work with a piggyback plug. What’s different about this type of switch is that it operates on a mechanism that’s way beyond the other types of switches available in the market. Diaphragm switches are triggered by pressure, so when it comes to its positioning, it is usually mounted lower on the body pump or on its side hence. Because of this mechanism, it only makes sense that you don’t see this on most sump pumps.
Aside from vertical switches, it’s also common to see tethered ones. The only difference of this compared to the vertical type of switch is that it can either be connected through a piggyback or internally wired. With this, you can definitely say that there’s much flexibility for you to work with. Tethered switches usually have a cord attached to a float, and inside, there’s either a steel ball or mercury in them. Should you compare tethered switches to vertical and diaphragm switches, you’ll notice that this should take up a lot of space. While these are adjustable and fairly more versatile, it’s also recommended that you take good care of it.
What is a Piggyback Switch On a Sump Pump?
A piggyback switch, also known as a switch plug, is a convenient way to switch the power to timers, level alarms, or footswitch. It’s a simple way of turning the plugin since you just have to plug this accessory into the wall, and you’re good to go.
What is a Sump Pump Switch?
Sump pump switches are the mechanism on which you can rely on to either power the sump pump on or off. It acts as a level sensor that should alert the pump to the rising levels of water in a sump basin or water reservoir. These switches, whatever type of switch it may be, work in a way that it should float or, thanks to some advancements, it’s digital in nature.
Say, the water level rises to a certain degree, the float switch will trigger the circuit which should allow the pump to begin pumping the water up and out of the basin. On the other hand, an electronic switch will alert the pump when the water level reaches some point in the basin. While there are quite a few types of switches that you can work with, whatever specific model you’re going to get, there’s a need for you to get a sump pump replacement switch as it is needed for all types of sump pumps.
Choosing The Right Sump Pump Voltage
First, you need to make sure that you get the right horsepower (HP). After it is the float switch, followed by the water alarm, then you can also opt to have a back-up sump pump system, although it’s not required to have one.
To start, you have to determine how much horsepower you’ll need for your sump pump. It is the amount of energy required for your pump to empty the whole pit. With this, it’s vital that to know that each type of sump pump has its own curve and specifications. It means that before you go and purchase what you need, you have to make sure that you’re working with the right specifications. For this, you can consult your local hardware or look for the specs on the product pages. However, if you’re replacing a previous pump, you won’t have any problem with determining which horsepower should work best for you. You can simply stick to the same rating that you’ve had before unless you’ve experienced some failures with how it’s pumping water from your basins.
For the rating of the horsepower, there are about three ratings that you can choose from for a submersible type of sump pump. These are 1/3, 1/2, and 3/4 HP.
The Best Sump Pump Comparison and Reviews 2020
Superior Pump 91250 Utility
When it comes to having the best sump pump, it almost makes sense that the winner for the overall aspect will have to be something that you know you definitely can work with. Hence with this, the Superior Pump 91250 checks all the boxes. Aside from it is extremely lightweight, it’s also portable enough for you to lug around. This is probably the main reason why it’s the best sump pump overall. If you’re looking for a sump pump that can get the job done for removing the water spills or any water accumulating in the lower areas of your home such as in the basement, window wells, and even at the rooftops. So, basically, this sump pump is a clear winner of everything that you will need from a sump pump.
Since this is something that you can lug around, you can also use this pump to empty your swimming pools, human-made pumps, and fountains. You can definitely expect a lot from this 25-foot lift, and it may even go beyond your expectations – that’s how great it is. With its somewhat above average height for its vertical lift, this is powered by a 1/4 HP split capacitor. Technical-wise, you have everything that you need for a sump pump. It’s not just its specifications that will blow your mind, but it’s also something sturdy both from the insides up until to its hard shell. With this, then you’re guaranteed that this is a sump pump that will last you a lifetime.
This pump is reasonably low maintenance, but you have to make sure that you don’t run it when there’s no water as it can cause the motor to overheat. Overheating can be the leading cause of shortening the lifespan. You should also keep in mind that since this sump pump is equipped with thermal overload protection, it’s not recommended to pump liquids that are over 120 F.
Wayne WSS30V Primary and Backup Sump Pump
While there are a lot of sump pumps in the market that you can choose from, these could not be as budget-friendly as you want to be. However, with the Wayne WSS30V sump pump, this should be the least of your concern. First off, you know that you can definitely get your money’s worth from this, given that it’s a battery-powered sump pump. This means that you can rely on this pump from still keeping the water out of your low-level areas even if you’re not at home. With just that, you know that you’re getting what you paid for by just the peace of mind it gives you. It’s also perfectly capable of doing your home’s pumping needs as it is equipped with a thermally-protected 1/2 HP AC motor aside from, of course, its battery power. What’s great about this sump pump is should there be an overflow of water, both power mechanisms – the AC-generated one and the battery – can kick-off. With that, can you just imagine how extremely powerful this sump pump could get?
Its insides are protected really good with its cast-iron housing and base, leaving it waterproof and no room for any rust to accumulate. It also comes with a permanently lubricated ball bearing that is also waterproof. For the battery back-up, it amazingly gets all the job done by managing to pump at most 2,300 gallons per hour of water with its 1.5-inch discharge pipe. The pumps are also protected from any possible backflow with separate check valves. The Wayne WSS30V comes with a LED charge for its level indicators, and, at the same time, it also comes with an audible alarm that should notify you that the DC power is already going. The battery-powered pump can last until three days with its nominal cycle times.
What’s most loved about this sump pump is that it has a perfectly functioning and reliable AC/DC system. It gives people the peace of kind that they deserve, especially if they’re in a place far away. That alone is something that you can’t just get from other sump pumps that are available in the market.
Zoeller M53 Mighty-Mate
The Zoeller brand, on its own, is already known as the oldest independent pump manufacturing company. From this alone, you can already tell how top-rated their products are. This includes the M53 Mighty-Mate, and we believe that if you’re on a budget and would like a fully functioning pump in which you can get the best deals from, then you have to try the Mighty-Mate. From the name itself, you would expect that it is going to be as mighty as it claims to be, and let me tell you that this certainly did not disappoint. The Zoeller M53 Mighty-Mate is a sump pump that’s durable enough to withstand any kind of situation. Its built and design were carefully thought of because it has an iron steel casing, which will be durable enough for high pressure and volume water pumping. At the same time, the cast iron also helps to allow the heat to disperse into the water as efficiently and effectively as it could. The cast iron casing does not only prevent the main associated parts that are being used in the pumping process, but it also acts as a safety feature for its internal components as well.
What’s great about this product is that it can be easily carried around. However, the possible downside is its cord length with just 3 meters for it. So, if you’re planning to use this sump pump, make sure that the distance between the power outlet and where it’s going to be located is just enough. Either way, you can put an extension cord to compensate for this problem. The Zoeller M53 Mighty-Mate is powered by a 1/3 HP motor that moves at 1,550 RPM for its maximum speed. No wonder why this is the go-to sump pump of plumbers and everyone in the professional industry. It is through this that you’ll know that the product is doing its job really well and can be relied on for high-capacity and volume use. The sump pump comes with an overheating switch, which acts as a safeguarding tool during its operations. This switch will trigger should there be a surplus of heat being produced in the process.
Another feature that this sump pump has that you can’t see in others that are available in the market is that you get to choose between a cast iron impeller or a plastic impeller, which as a glass-filled metal insert on it. In this way, you’ll be able to gauge what kind of impeller you’ll need, which should depend on the work you’re going to put it on. The impeller is designed to have grooves on it to ensure that the motor pumps the water efficiently with no unnecessary blockages which could stop the operation. A switch guard is also included once you buy the product. This is useful in ensuring that the process will go as seamlessly as it should be.
ECO-FLO Products EFSA50
Who doesn’t love a battery-powered sump pump? If you’re the one to get conscious about your electricity bills, then you should know that the best type of sump pump for you is a battery-powered one. These types of a sump pump, particularly the ECO-FLO EFSA50, save you money by just relying on its battery power. In this way, you don’t have to worry about your sump pumps continuously running even if it’s not needed to work, or after all the excess water in your basement has been pumped. With this sump pump, you can get just what you will need! Having it not drain your home’s electricity will also mean that you’re not going to break the bank paying for the additional cost for this to operate. Aside from it being the best battery-powered sump pump, it’s also a pump that almost everyone will appreciate having.
For one, it’s not complicated to understand. You just have to follow the instructions indicated in the manual. It’s straightforward to follow, and you shouldn’t have any problems setting this up. This is truly an advantage because other sump pumps don’t give you the luxury of almost plugging and playing the device. So, if you’re relatively new to the installation of sump pumps or you’re just getting it for the first time around, the ECO-FLO EFSA50 is an excellent product to start with. For its technical features, it is powered by a robust 1/2 HP motor, which is more than enough, especially for overflowing water situations. With this, you don’t have to worry about encountering the sudden onset of floods or large volumes of water.
What also makes this sump pump unique from the rest is that it comes with two float switches. Comparing this to other sump pumps, may it be battery-powered or not, these usually have one float switch on them. This is going to be an advantage to you since the other switch can be used as a back-up should the other one fails. The ECO-FLO EFSA50 can pump more or less 2,860 gallons per hour. It is enclosed with a plastic housing which should prevent the internal parts from getting rusty or from corroding.
Wayne CDU980E Sump Pump
When it comes to getting durable products, you should definitely do your best in searching which sump pump will last you for a long time. The reason for this is that sump pumps tend to get so overworked that it can degrade quickly. However, this won’t be the case if you have a durable sump pump with you. Don’t look into it any further because the Wayne CDU980E can do this for you. It is truly an investment that you won’t regret having. What’s even better is that it is in a reasonable price range. The Wayne CDU980E sump pump is a submersible one that is operating on a 3/4 HP motor. With that alone, its capacity is more than that of the average sump pump. It can pump out an astonishing 4,600 gallons of excess water. While it doesn’t come with a battery back-up, you won’t have to worry about this being portable since it has an 8-foot long power cord. However, to use this sump pump, you’ll have to ensure that the sump basins that you have at home are at least 11 inches in diameter.
What we love about this sump pump is that this comes with a 5-year warranty. This helps if you’re worried about having some trouble with your pump in the future. However, since it’s made from durable materials, we bet that you won’t even encounter any hitch with this sump pump. What other users loved about this is that its design is absolutely phenomenal. It comes with a molded design from its base up until its top. It’s also worth noting that there are absolutely no other sump pumps that can be as reliable yet portable as the Wayne CDU980E.
Homdox 0.5 HP
When it comes to sump pumps, you will expect that almost every feature that it has is similar to one another. Now, what’s new about the Homdox is that it has a multi-fitting elbow. This is also quite advantageous to you since you will have at least three fittings to choose from. In this case, you can have different sets of diameters for its outflow, as well. So, if you’re looking for a sump pump that will work very well for your flooded areas, ponds, and swimming pools, then this will be more than enough to suffice for any kind of outflow. However, this won’t be useful for pumping the aquarium.
The Homdox sump pump comes with an automatic float switch, which means that turning it on won’t be a problem for you, especially if you’re not at home. When the water levels reach a certain level, you can entirely rely on your automatic float switch to turn on. This gives you the peace of mind that your basement or low-level areas won’t be flooded. Should you compare the installation process of the Homdox to the other sump pumps, it’s safe to say that you won’t have any problems with this as it is reasonably easy to install. All you have to do is just to follow what’s written on the instruction manual and you’re good to go. Although you have to make sure that everything is sealed tightly, most notably in the connecting areas of the pipes and the valves, this sump pump can reach up to 2,112 gallons per hour of water.
Sump Pump Sizing: What Size Should You Choose?
To say that there are a lot of possible sizes and horsepower considerations that you can choose from is an understatement. The choices for this are extremely a lot. With this alone, you know that the situation can get out of hand, and it can be too overwhelming for you. However, the key here is simple – you have to understand what type of pump you will need truly. All you have to do is just to get this out of the way, and you’re good to go.
Estimating The Capacity
The first thing that you need to understand is how much water we’re talking about. This should entail the possible capacity of the sump pump that you are going to get. To know this, you have to observe how much excess water you’re getting. For this, you should run your sump pump until the water recedes to a certain point. Afterward, turn it off for about a minute by unplugging it. It’s important to note that you shouldn’t leave it unplugged. After making sure that the pump is already turned off, you can start measuring how far the water rises in the sump pit from then on. On a typical rainy day wherein the downpour is not that much, the sump pit in your basement should receive at least 20 gallons of water in just a minute. You can measure this too, and the conversion will have to be 1 inch per gallon of water. So, for example, you get 15 inches of water from the bottom of the pit, then that’s 15 gallons of water accumulated. To get the amount of liquid collected per hour, multiply what you’ve measured by 60. After getting the gallons per hour measurement, multiply this value to 1.5 as this will serve as a safety factor for your pumping capacity.
To illustrate it further, here’s an equation on how you can compute for the capacity of the sump pump that you should get.
Water accumulated (in inches or gallons) x 60 minutes x 1.5 = gallons per hour capacity of sump pump required.
The value that you’re going to get from this should be enough. However, it’s also great if you would want to measure the capacity on a heavy rain downpour. Of course, this will also increase the size of your sump pump, but at the same time, this will also cost you quite some money for its installation.
Knowing The Needed Motor Power
After getting the capacity, the next technical thing that you should consider is the motor power. While getting the capacity right is one thing, it’s just as crucial as powering it with the right amount of energy needed. The strength of the motor will determine how powerful the pumping is going to be. It will be the basis of how much water will be expelled from the pit. For this, you can choose from getting a 0.33 horsepower, 0.25, 0.05, or 0.75. For most residential homes wherein it doesn’t need much that of pumping, or will just need the average amount, a 0.33 HP will do. For high grade and high-capacity pumping needs, a 0.75 – 1 HP motor could suffice. If, however, you’re going to need a back-up sump pump, then a 0.25 HP will do.
Other Factors To Consider
While the capacity and motor power are two of the most important things that you should carefully consider before buying a sump pump, there are, however, other things that you have to take into consideration as well. These will have to be the width and vertical lift.
For the width of the sump pump basin, the wider the reservoir is, the more water it can accommodate. So it’s not just the height that you have to consider, but with the width as well. However, you shouldn’t have any problems if you have a normal-sized width to height ratio.
On the other hand, you also have to pay close attention to where the basins are located. If these are located on a lower part of the basin, then this will require a more powerful motor to be able to pump water out as efficiently as possible. Also if you live in a flood prone area I recommend you to checking fema flood map to know more about flood risk in your area.
These are just about everything that you need to know about choosing the right sump pumps. For the most part, choosing will require you to understand the technicalities of what you will need. This should include, but not extremely limited, to know the dimensions, capacity, motor power, height and width of the basin, vertical lift (should there be anything required), and everything else that can affect the process.
Like you, I understand that sump pumps can get quite expensive. This is why you must get the best one there is out there. If you are to spend money on sump pumps, you should get the best one out of the bunch. For this, the clear winner of the best sump pumps will have to be the Superior Pump 91250 Utility. It has absolutely everything that you’ve been looking for in a sump pump. For one, it’s affordable, especially when you consider all the product features that come with it. If you’re on a budget, it’s great if you choose this one since this is a sump pump that you can lug around. You don’t really need a battery-powered pump so that you can place this anywhere. Plus, it does its job really well, and it’s something that you can rely on for years. Of course, before anything else, you would want to invest in something durable. Given that a sump pump isn’t exactly the cheapest home maintenance and improvement system there is out there, you want to make sure that what you’re going to buy should be enough and you won’t have to worry about changing it every now and then.
So, if you’re still wondering which kind of sump pump you’re going to get, we’re sure that there’s the right sump pump listed above for you. All you have to do is to choose which will be the perfect one for your needs, and you’re good to go! These sump pumps will make sure that you have your basements and other areas of your home dry during the rainy season.